2.Capital Expenditure Decisions and Investment Criteria – Global Homework Experts

Raindeer plc

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Raindeer PLC is a highly profitable electronics company that manufactures a range of innovative products for industrial use. Its success is based to a large extent on the ability of the company’s development group to generate new ideas that result in commercially viable products. The latest of these products is just about to undergo some final tests and a decision has to be taken whether or not to proceed with an investment in the facilities required for manufacturing. You have been asked to undertake an evaluation of this investment.


The company has already spent £750,000 on the development of this product. The final testing of the product will cost about £40,000. The head of the development group is very confident that the tests will be successful based on the work already undertaken. Another company has already offered Raindeer £1.10 million for the product’s patent and an exclusive right to its manufacture and sale, even though the final tests are still to be completed. This sum being offered is well in excess of the cost of the product’s development, but the company’s management have decided to delay their response to the offer until the result of the investment evaluation is available.


The company anticipates that the product will remain competitive for the next five years after which it is likely to be displaced by some new product that are constantly being introduced as the underlying technology evolves. In the first year it is anticipated that 35,000 units will be sold at a price of £152. From year two through to year four sales are expected to be 45,000 units per annum, but are expected to fall back to 35,000 units in year five.


The product will be manufactured in one of the company’s factories that has considerable spare capacity: it is most unlikely that the space required by the manufacture of this product will be required for any other purpose over the next five years. For the company’s internal accounting purposes all products are charged for the factory space that they utilise and this will amount to

£50,000 per annum. The additional costs incurred by the company in the form of heating, lighting and power only amount to £30,000 per annum.


The machinery required for the manufacture of the product will cost £1,200,000. It will have to be depreciated for tax purposes on the basis of an annual 25 per cent writing down allowance (ie. 25 per cent of the remaining book value of the asset, the initial purchase price less the sum of the allowances claimed in previous years). At the end of the five year period the machinery will be sold or retained for use in the manufacture of other products. The resale value of machinery of this nature after being used for five years is likely to be about 30 per cent of its purchase price.


Use will also be made of some equipment already owned by the company. This could be sold today for £70,000 and is expected to maintain its resale value even if it is used for the next five years. This equipment is fully depreciated for tax purposes – it has a zero book value – but is still in good working order.