1. “Is what is pious loved by the gods because it is pious? Or is it pious because it is loved?” (Plato’s Euthyphro 9e) Show how an affirmative answer to the first disjunct could imply that a believer’s claim to live according to the will or command of God cannot be defended empirically and logically 2 Let X stand in for a virtue term. Use the following generalised interaction to account for the Socratic Method and Mission, indicating its negative and positive consequences: Socrates: “What is X? The Wise ‘X is F. Socrates: “X is also Q7 The Wise: ‘Absolutely so’ Socrates: ‘But F is not?’ The Wise: ‘It seems’. Socrates: “Then X is not F’. The Wise: ‘Yes 3. With clear examples in practical experience, account for the following Socratic paradoxes, indicating their positive value and the challenges they pose for practical life: (a) No one knowingly does wrong (b) It is worse to do than to suffer wrong (c) Virtue is necessary and sufficient for happiness (d) Virtue is knowledge 4. ‘Always act, at least, to preserve or, ideally, to promote the interests of all those who will be affected by your action.’ How far does this statement represent Socrates’ conception of moral decision- making in the Crito? 5. (a) Explain the following Socratic principles, and (b) indicate how they might be defended as guides to a life worth living. (a) Not all opinions are worthy of respect (b) It is not living but living well that is important (e) To live well is to live justly (d) Under no circumstances must one knowingly do wrong (e) Honour agreements that are just
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