You are required to write a research paper on a current violence problem (option

You are required to write a research paper on a current violence problem (options are below). You will specifically focus on the current event of your choice and explain it with theory and the information learned in class throughout the semester, and also offer some feasible prevention strategy. The project will require you to conduct background research, and to obtain data from various publically available sources. You will also have to research and examine media coverage in order to be up to date with the most current related events. Projects will be graded based on grammar, clarity of arguments, presentation of information, depth of research, and feasibility of prevention strategy proposed. The grade for the project is worth 100 points of your grade.This assignment should incorporate AT LEAST 50% primary sources, scholarly journal articles that are not otherwise assigned as part of the required readings for the course. The length of any given paper is left to the discretion of the submitting student, but it is anticipated that papers will be approximately 15 to 20 double-spaced, typed pages in length (in 12-point font with one-inch margins). Scholarly article reviews will be assessed using the rubric below.FORMATTINGThe formatting of your paper is very important. Why? Because it is the first impression the professor/reader gets of your work. You do not want your paper to appear as if you are sloppy, waited until the last minute, or as if you did not take the time to pay attention to detail. Before you start typing your paper, please make sure that the following formatting settings are in place:Microsoft Word Document1-inch (72 points) Margins all aroundThe overall indentation should be set left and right at a 0 pt, while the first line of the paragraph at 18 points, tabs should also be set at 18 points (however, in cases of using extended large direct quotes the tab should be at 36 points)Do not justify the paper since that causes spacing issues. Always align the paper to the leftTimes New Roman font12-Point fontDouble-spaced (Sometimes word documents are automatically defaulted to have extra spacing. In order to make sure this is not the case, click on Page layout, and in the spacing section make sure that the before and after are set to 0 point)Include page numbers. In addition, to the above formatting guidelines, when writing your paper keep the following in mind:Avoid using contractions and first person in formal writing (i.e., in all of the papers you will submit for my course)A proper paragraph should include at least 3 sentencesMake sure you do not have run-on paragraphs. A paragraph should never be over a page longMake sure to use proper citations. If citing a chapter from an edited, make sure to give credit to the proper author and not the editors. That is, use the APA citation for a chapter in an edited text.The Paper should also be formatted with proper headings and subheadings – i.e., Introduction, Discussion etc….Do not include tables and figures in text as they mess up the formatting of the paper. If you are going to employ a table or figure to illustrate a point, do so in an appendix.CITATIONSIn academic writing providing proper referencing and citations is very important since you want to demonstrate that you properly researched the topic. You also never want to plagiarize since that has very detrimental implications. There are three very important things to keep in mind when researching and referencing your papers. First, you want to make sure to rely on valid academic peer-reviewed sources. Second, you want to make sure you reference and cite properly. Third, you want to avoid plagiarism. Acceptable Sources and References: I expect students to primarily rely on academic sources – not magazines, websites, opinions, newspapers, prior experience.In this course, I want you to base your work on research. I will rank your sources as follows:Academic Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles (for a list of Criminal Justice accepted titles go to (Links to an external site.).Peer-reviewed titles in the fields of Sociology, Psychology, Public Health, Medicine/Biology, Environmental Sciences, and Political Science are also accepted.Within criminology outlets there is a tier system. Tier 1 Sources (i.e., Criminology, Justice Quarterly, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, and Criminal Justice and Behavior) are always preferred.Government ReportsResearch ReportsBooksLaw ReviewsNews Outlets (newspapers & magazines)Websites (these are the least desirable and will thus get you the least amount of credit). Please note that advocacy or interest group websites will not be accepted as a proper reference.I expect a minimum of 20 sources/references in your project, and at least 50% of your sources should be comprised of: Academic Peer-Reviewed Journal articles; Government Reports, Research Reports, and/or books. The Uniform Crime Reports, Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Institute of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Center for Disease Control, National Science Foundation, National Institute of Health, and the COPS office can also provide acceptable research reports and crime statistics.Required Citation & Referencing Style: In this course, APA citation style is required for all assignments. For guidance on how to cite in this format see the following website: or (Links to an external site.)As a general rule of thumb:Never blindly rely on referencing programs that create citations for you. Always, ALWAYS double-check your work. I am not responsible if the program that you use has glitches and does not properly format your citations.All of the sources included in the reference page should be cited in the text, and all of the citations in the text should be included in the reference page. Paraphrasing, Quotations, and Plagiarism: Be very aware of the difference between paraphrasing, quoting, and plagiarism. Paraphrasing involves saying the same thing the author (or source) says in your own words, and then properly citing in the beginning or end of the thought you have written. Quoting refers to stating, word by word, what someone else has written, and indicating this by putting the text within quotation marks and providing a proper citation, which includes the page number from where the material was taken. Finally, plagiarism involves stating, word by word, what someone else has written without giving the author proper credit with a citation or including quotation marks around the copied text. For guidance on the difference between paraphrasing, quoting, and plagiarism see the Harvard Graduate School of Education tutorial called Principles of Paraphrasing: How to Avoid Inadvertent Plagiarism at Finally, do not over rely on quotes. In this course, I only allow you to use ONE QUOTE FOR EVERY FOUR PAGES OF DOUBLE SPACED TEXT. Therefore, if you are submitting a 12- page double spaced paper you are only allowed three quotes, so use your quotes wisely.Submit your assignment as a Microsoft Word document.The underlined bit above is the assignment instructions. Below are my notes/thoughts:The books we are using in class that need to be included: Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory (Collins, 2009). There is a great bit in here about forward panic that I think would be important to include. I’ll update over the next couple of weeks if I come across more bits that I think would be helpful. The other book is Violence: The Enduring Problem (Alvarez & Bachman, 2021).Specifically in this paper, I would like to discuss the excessive force police have used against those suffering from mental illness.The “feasible prevention strategy” I would like to focus on would be specialized training for police officers in deescalation and sensitivity to those afflicted by mental illness.
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